Introducing Rajasthan

For many people, Rajasthan is the heart of India, with majestic forts and unconquerable palaces that rise like enormous fairy-tale sets above shimmering sun scorched sand and enthralling lakes. Similar in size to France, the princely state has an area of 342,236 sq kms. Come to Rajasthan and observe if your thoughts can begin to match where reality takes over.

History of Rajasthan

The glorious Indian state is about 5000 years old and its history can be divided into three parts.

Medieval period, 1201 to1707

Around 1200 AD a part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers. The prime centers of their powers were Ajmer and Nagpur. At the beginning of 13the century AD, the most powerful and well-known state of Rajasthan was Mewar.

Modern Period, 1707 to 1947

In this era, Rajasthan was dominated by Mughal Emperor-Akbar. The great Mughal ruler created a united region of Rajasthan. In the year 1707, the supremacy of Mughal power started to collapse. The Marathas made a way into this state and they occupy Ajmer in year 1755. The starting of 19th century was marked by ambush of Pindaris. In 1817-18, the British government united every province and then it called Rajputana.

Post Independence

The present state of Rajasthan was structured after a prolong process of amalgamation that began on March 17, 1948. At present, Rajasthan has 32 districts, 22 towns, 241 tehsils, 105 sub-divisions and 37889 populated villages.

Facts about Rajasthan

Area covered - 342, 236 sq km

Capital - Jaipur

Located In - Western part of India

Main Languages - Rajasthani, Marwari and Hindi

Major Festivals - Diwali, Dussehra, Marwar festival, Kajli Teej, Desert festival, Brij festival, Summer festival and Camel festival

Major Fairs - Urs fair, Shri mahavirji fair, Nagaur fair, Banganga fair, Karni mata fair, Khatu shayamji fair, Sheetla mata fair and Pushkar fair.

Best Time to Visit Rajasthan

Though, Rajasthan can be a year round tourist spot but the most popular time to visit Rajasthan particularly in December and January.

Climatic Conditions of Rajasthan

  • Summers: 32C to 45C
  • Monsoons: 30C to 40C
  • Post Monsoons: 33C to 38C
  • Winters: 10C to 25C

How to Reach Rajasthan

By Air - Rajasthan is easily reachable by air. The only international airport of Rajasthan is located in Jaipur. Apart from this, the enigmatic state has many domestic airports in Jaisalmer, Udaipur and Jodhpur.

By Rail - Rajasthan is well connected by a good network of railway lines to the major cities of India like Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi.

By Road - The state of Rajasthan is easily connected to national highways. These highways link the state to other states like Maharashtra, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat. Hit the road by your personal vehicle or travel via cheap interstate bus services.

Top Places to Uncover On Your Tour to Rajasthan

Rajasthan, a Land of Kings and Places is popular for lavish forts, divine temples, majestic palaces and exotic wildlife. Every tourist spot of the state beckons visitor for its immense beauty and magnetism. Most popular places to visit in Rajasthan :

Temples :

Temples in Rajasthan are living witness to the marvelous and fine architectural talent of Rajasthan. The prominent amongst them are -

  • Birla Mandir- Jaipur
  • Jain Temple, Ranakpur
  • Eklingji Temple, Udaipur
  • Karni Mata Temple, Bikaner
  • Ajmer-e-Sharif Dargah- Jaipur
  • Govind Dev Ji Temples, Jaipur
  • Brahma Pushkar Temple, Jaipur
  • Dilwara Jain Temples, Mount Abu

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks :

Rajasthan is a haven for a number of species like wild tiger, mammoth elephant, witty desert fox and eye-catching migratory birds. Some of the prominent wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are listed below.

  • Chambal Sanctuary, Kota
  • Sitamata Sanctuary- Udaipur
  • Sariska National Park, Sariska
  • Desert National Park, Jaisalmer
  • Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary, Kota
  • Mount Abu Sanctuary, Mount Abu
  • Ranthambore National Park, Jaipur
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur

Forts and Monuments :

Glorious forts and monuments are the foremost attractions of Rajasthan. From sky high forts to intriguing palaces to the beautifully carved monuments, all add charisma to Rajasthan. Famous forts and monuments in Rajsthan are.

  • Jal Mahal, Jaipur
  • City Palace- Jaipur
  • Amber Fort, Jaipur
  • Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
  • Junagarh Fort, Bikaner
  • Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer
  • Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
  • Chittorgarh Fort-Chittorgarh

Famous Dishes of Rajasthan :

Rajasthan is one such state which offers lavish and simply tempting delicacies that leaves you wordless. Rajasthani cuisines have a superb range of spicy, sweet and colorful dishes. Famous dishes of Rajasthan are :

  • Sohan Halwa
  • Mishri Mawa
  • Makkhan Bada
  • Dal Bati Churma
  • Bajre Ki Khichdi
  • Ker-Sangri Ki Sabzi
  • Moong Dal Ka Halwa
  • Jodhpuri Mawa Kachori
  • Dilkushar-Besan Ki Chakki

In true sense, Rajasthan is an incredible, vibrant, exotic and colorful state of India. Youll find each and everything on this parched desert land of India.

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Amber Palace Rajasthan Desert Safari Rajasthan Festivals Ranthambore National Park Jaisalmer Fort Umaid Bhawan Palace
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